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The Royal Palace of Naples: the dazzling luxury of the Savoy dynasty




The Campania region of Italy is famous for its magnificent coastal resorts, archaeological sites and amazing cuisine. Besides, here you will find some of the most luxurious royal residences in Europe – the Royal Palace of Naples and the Royal Palace of Caserta.

Royal Palace of Naples
Royal Palace of Naples. Photo: Armando Mancini, via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 2.0)
Side view of the Royal Palace of Naples
Side view of the palace. Photo: IlSistemone, via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Entrance to the Royal Palace of Naples
Entrance to the palace. Photo: MM, via Wikimedia Commons (Public domain)

The history of the Royal Palace of Naples dates back to the beginning of 17th century. At that time, the city was under the control of the Spaniards, who decided to build a large and modern palace. The building was designed by the architect Domenico Fontana, inspired by the best examples of the Renaissance style.

Side entrance to the Royal Palace of Naples
Side entrance to the palace. Photo: MM, via Wikimedia Commons (Public domain)
Royal Palace of Naples
Royal Palace of Naples. Photo: pietro scerrato, via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY 3.0)

The Royal Palace of Naples is an amazing opportunity to travel back in time, immerse yourself in the history of the monarchs of Naples and touch the luxurious lifestyle of the kings, queens, princes and princesses who called this palace their home

Interior of the Royal Palace of Naples
The interior of the palace. Hall number two. Photo: Mentnafunangann, via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Interior of the Royal Palace of Naples
The interior of the palace. Hall number five. Photo: Mentnafunangann, via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Interior of the Royal Palace of Naples
The interior of the palace. Photo: Armando Mancini, via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 2.0)

Construction has been going on for decades, and in many cases the original design that Fontana created has been altered. However, throughout the 16th century, the palace and its surrounding area were the heart of the social and political life of Naples.

Interior of the Royal Palace of Naples
The interior of the palace. Hall number fifteen. Photo: Mentnafunangann, via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Interior of the Royal Palace of Naples
The interior of the palace. Hall number thirteen – royal office. Photo: Lalupa, via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Interior of the Royal Palace of Naples
The interior of the palace. Hall number sixteen. Photo: Mentnafunangann, via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Interior of the Royal Palace of Naples
The interior of the palace. Hall number twenty three. Photo: Mentnafunangann, via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 4.0)

A distinctive feature of palaces built in the Baroque era is the main staircase connecting the first and second floors of the royal residence. This centerpiece reflects new levels of grandeur and often incorporates grand theatrical design elements. At the Royal Palace of Naples, the marble Staircase of Honor, originally built in the 1600s, was renovated and richly decorated two hundred years later. The work was directed by Gaetano Genovese and Francesco Gavaudan, who also worked on the restoration of the famous Teatro San Carlo in Naples.

Interior of the Royal Palace of Naples
The interior of the palace. Stairs of honor. Photo: Mentnafunangann, via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Interior of the Royal Palace of Naples
The interior of the palace. The main staircase. Photo: ASaber91, via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Interior of the Royal Palace of Naples
The interior of the palace. Entrance and stairs. Photo: Lalupa, via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 3.0)

After the unification of Italy, the palace became the residence of the Savoy dynasty, although members of the royal family lived there. In 1919, Victor Emmanuel III transferred it to the ownership of the state, which converted most of the palace into the National Library. The oldest wing of the building has become a museum.

Interior of the Royal Palace of Naples
The interior of the palace. Photo: Armando Mancini, via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 2.0)
Interior of the Royal Palace of Naples
The interior of the palace. Photo: Armando Mancini, via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 2.0)
Interior of the Royal Palace of Naples
The interior of the palace. Royal theatre. Photo: Mentnafunangann, via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 4.0)

In the palace, you can visit the historical apartments and climb the Stair of Honor, which Montesquieu called the most beautiful in Europe. The royal chambers consist of many rooms. You can also see the Court Theatre, the Throne Room, the room of Maria Cristina of Savoy and the Royal Chapel, which contains the masterpieces of the most famous artists of the Bourbon period.

Interior of the Royal Palace of Naples
The interior of the palace. Photo: Mentnafunangann, via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Interior of the Royal Palace of Naples
The interior of the palace. Capella Palatina. Photo: Mentnafunangann, via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 4.0)

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